Cardiff Model Adopted to Tackle Opioid Misuse and Violence in Wisconsin, US
The US Bureau of Justice Assistance have awarded funding to a consortium of Public Safety and Public Health Information-sharing partnerships in Milwaukee, Wisconsin to implement the ‘Cardiff Model’ of violence prevention.
‘The Cardiff Model’ was conceived by Professor Shepherd when he found that police forces were unaware of most violence related incidents that resulted in emergency hospital treatment. The idea of continuous knowledge sharing between hospital emergency departments and police forces was created, resulting in a reduction of violence.
The Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Site-based Program aims to reduce opioid abuse and the number of overdose fatalities, as well as to mitigate the impacts on crime victims. The program also supports the implementation, enhancement, and proactive use of prescription drug monitoring programs to support clinical decision making and prevent the abuse and diversion of controlled substances.
To respond effectively to the opioid epidemic, stakeholders need access to timely and accurate data that provide a comprehensive view of the drug abuse environment. Unfortunately, data on drug abuse, treatment, and public safety outcomes are often maintained in different agencies and are not integrated in a way that supports the policy and practice needs of public safety, public health, or behavioural health partners. However, there are a growing number of models at the local and state levels that leverage information from a variety of public health and public safety data sources to analyse substance abuse issues and identify potential solutions from public health, treatment, and public safety perspectives. Specifically, models such as drug monitoring initiatives, overdose fatality review teams, and New York Citys RxStat Program create an opportunity to bring together stakeholders with different perspectives and different data sets. This information can be used to drive changes in policy or practice, monitor community-level outcomes, and implement proven practices on a larger scale.
West Allis Health Department will use program funds to enhance violence surveillance system and intervention that involves data sharing and violence prevention among law enforcement, public health, and the medical field. The Medical College of Wisconsin’s Comprehensive Injury Center will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.